COLLAGEN – THE FRAMEWORK OF THE SKIN

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Collagen is a family of large structural proteins and it is the most abundant protein in the human body. The body produces as many as 28 different types of collagen. Type I collagen is the type mainly produced in the skin. A young and healthy skin consists of as much as 80% collagen.

Collagen fibres are formed by special production cells, which are called fibroblasts. Fibroblast produce procollagen, which in turn is biochemically modified and entwined together in coils to form strong and flexible collagen fibres. Collagen fibres form the largest part of dermal connective tissue, creating a solid framework that supports the skin’s surface and keeps it smooth and supple. Collagen fibres also have a high water-binding capacity, which helps to provide fullness and smoothness to the skin. At the same time, collagen fibres ensure that the skin remains firm and elastic.

In order to exert these very specific and important physiological properties, collagen proteins have a structure quite different from other proteins. Compared to other proteins, collagen contains particularly high levels of the amino acids glycine, proline and hydroxyproline.

The fibroblasts in young and healthy skin continuously produce new procollagen in order to offset the breakdown of collagen fibres, thus maintaining the skin collagen balance.

ALTERED SKIN COLLAGEN BALANCE

img3Our bodies’ collagen production begins to decrease from about the age of twenty-five and continues to decline throughout the rest of our lives. This process causes shifts in the collagen balance with more collagen being broken down than the body can replace naturally. Lifestyle factors, including UV radiation, smoking, pollution and an imbalanced diet, may alter the body’s collagen balance, leading to the appearance of signs of ageing, such as reduced elasticity, increased wrinkling and dry skin.

Loss of elasticity of facial skin in the form of wrinkles is the most common sign of ageing, but loose skin on the neck, chest and the back of our hands is also a result of declining skin elasticity. Reduced elasticity may also result in stretch marks and cellulite, making these look more prominent and visible. Moisturisers and lotions can fight the signs of ageing on the skin’s surface, but only for short periods of time. The ageing process usually affects the deeper layers of the skin.

The active ingredients of Marine Matrix® are absorbed rapidly into the bloodstream to reach the cells of the deeper layers of the skin where they effectively rejuvenates the skin from within.

MAINTAINING SKIN COLLAGEN BALANCE

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The understanding of how we best look after our skin is constantly expanding. Scientific documentation from recent clinical studies has greatly elevated our knowledge of how we can most effectively protect the appearance of our skin by adopting a sensible diet and nutrition.

Several clinical studies have confirmed the positive effects of specific collagen peptides on skin elasticity and structure. These studies have shown that collagen peptides only reach the cells in the deeper layers of the skin when they constitute short-chain structure and specific chemical composition to ensure effective action.

The collagen peptides in Marine Matrix® are produced using a special biotechnological process where natural, long-chain collagen is enzymatically hydrolysed into predefined short peptide chains having specific amino acid sequence. These specific collagen peptides are absorbed rapidly into the bloodstream to reach the cells of the deeper layers of the skin. Once absorbed the specific collagen peptides have been shown to improve skin elasticity*, which firms up the skin, and to reducing wrinkle volume**.

The fundamental key to these documented effects lie in the specific collagen peptides that are produced using special biotechnological methods. It is important to realise that unrefined and non-specific collagen products that may be available on the market do not have the same nutritional properties or documented effects on skin appearance.

In addition, Marine Matrix® contains essential vitamins and minerals, including vitamin C, copper and zinc, which all have proven effects on maintaining a healthy and vibrant skin.

*Proksch E, et al. Oral supplementation of specific collagen peptides has beneficial effects on human skin physiology: A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2014; 27:47-55.
**Proksch E, et al. Oral intake of specific bioactive collagen peptides reduces skin wrinkles and increases dermal matrix synthesis. Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2014; 27:113–119.